Image: Provincial Archives of Alberta / Provincial Archives of Alberta / Provincial Archives of Alberta

In a series of black-and-white photographs, men and women long-dead stare impassively down the camera lens. Members of Alberta’s First Nations, they have been living off the Canadian land for 11,000 years. Now, their way of life is fading away – but these snapshots remain as a fascinating record of a forgotten past.

Image: Provincial Archives of Alberta

By the time that European settlers first crossed the Atlantic in the 15th century, the indigenous peoples of Canada had already established complex societies. Often matriarchal in structure, these communities used oral storytelling to pass down their knowledge and traditions through the generations.

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